When SharePoint 2010 was developed, Microsoft took extra care to include support for
a claims-based identity model. There are quite a few benefits to doing it this
way, one of which is that it simplifies managing identities across organizational
structures. So lets take a look at adding a Secure Token Service as an Authentication
Provider to SharePoint 2010.
First, Some Prerequisites
You have to use PowerShell for most of this. You wouldn’t/shouldn’t be adding
too many Providers to SharePoint all that often so there isn’t a GUI for this.
The claims that SharePoint will know about must be known during setup. This
isn’t that big a deal, but…
Telling SharePoint about the STS
Once you’ve collected all the information you need, open up PowerShell as an Administrator
and add the SharePoint snap-in on the server.
Next we need to create the certificate and claim mapping objects:
$cert = New-Object System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.X509Certificate2("d:\path\to\adfsCert.cer")
$claim1 = New-SPClaimTypeMapping -IncomingClaimType "http://schemas.microsoft.com/ws/2008/06/identity/claims/role"
-IncomingClaimTypeDisplayName "Role" –SameAsIncoming
$claim2 = New-SPClaimTypeMapping "http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/ws/2005/05/identity/claims/emailaddress"
-IncomingClaimTypeDisplayName "EmailAddress" –SameAsIncoming
There should be three lines. They will be word-wrapped.
The certificate is pretty straightforward. It is the public key of the STS.
The claims are also pretty straightforward. There are two claims: the roles
of the identity, and the email address of the identity. You can add as many
as the STS will support.
Next is to define the realm of the Relying Party; i.e. the SharePoint server.
$realm = "urn:" + $env:ComputerName + ":adfs"
By using a URN value you can mitigate future changes to addresses. This becomes
especially useful in an intranet/extranet scenario.
Then we define the sign-in URL for the STS. In this case, we are using ADFS:
$signinurl = https://[myAdfsServer.fullyqualified.domainname]/adfs/ls/
Mind the SSL.
And finally we put it all together:
New-SPTrustedIdentityTokenIssuer -Name "MyDomainADFS2" -Description "ADFS
2 Federated Server for MyDomain" -Realm $realm -ImportTrustCertificate $cert
-ClaimsMappings $claim1,$claim2 -SignInUrl $signinurl -IdentifierClaim $claim2.InputClaimType
This should be a single line, word wrapped. If you wanted to you could just
call New-SPTrustedIdentityTokenIssuer and then fill in the values one at
a time. This might be useful for debugging.
At this point SharePoint now knows about the STS but none of the sites are set up
to use it.
Authenticating SharePoint sites using the STS
For a good measure restart SharePoint/IIS. Go into SharePoint Administration
and create a new website and select Claims Based Authentication at the top:
Fill out the rest of the details and then when you get to Claims Authentication
Types select Trusted Identity Provider and then select your STS.
In this case it is my ADFS Server:
Save the site and you are done. Try navigating to the site and it should redirect
you to your STS. You can then manage users as you would normally with Active