The other day I had the opportunity to take part in an interesting meeting with Microsoft.
The discussion was security, and the meeting members were 20 or so IT Pro’s, developers,
and managers from various Fortune 500 companies in the GTA. It was not a sales call.
Throughout the day, Microsofties Rob Labbe and Mohammad Akif went into significant
detail about the current threat landscape facing all technology vendors and departments.
There was one point that was paramount. Security is not all about technology.
Security is about the policies implemented at the human level. Blinky-lighted devices
look cool, but in the end, they will not likely add value to protecting your network.
Here in lies the problem. Not too many people realize this -- hence the purpose of
Towards the end of the meeting, as we were all letting the presentations sink in,
I asked a relatively simple question:
What resources are out there for new/young people entering the security field?
The response was pretty much exactly what I was (unfortunately) expecting: notta.
Security it seems is mostly a self-taught topic. Yes there are some programs at schools
out there, but they tend to be academic – naturally. By this I mean that there is
no fluidity in discussion. It’s as if you are studying a snapshot of the IT landscape
that was taken 18 months ago. Most security experts will tell you the landscape changes
daily, if not multiple times a day. Therefore we need to keep up on the changes in
security, and any teacher will tell you, it’s impossible in an academic situation.
Keeping up to date with security is a manual process. You follow blogs, you subscribe
to newsgroups and mailing lists, your company gets hacked by a new form of attack,
etc., and in the end you have a reasonable idea of what is out there yesterday. And
you know what? This is just the attack vectors! You need to follow a whole new set
of blogs and mailing lists to understand how to mitigate such attacks. That sucks.
Another issue is the ramp up to being able to follow daily updates. Security is tough
when starting out. It involves so many different processes at so many different levels
of the application interactions that eyes glaze over at the thought of learning the
ins and outs of security.
So here we have two core problems with security:
Security changes daily – it’s hard to keep up
It’s scary when you are new at this
Let’s start by addressing the second issue. Security is a scary topic, but let’s breaks
it down into its core components.
Security is about keeping data away from those who shouldn’t see it
Security is about keeping data available for those who need to see it
At its core, security is simple. It starts getting tricky when you jump into the semantics
of how to implement the core. So let’s address this too.
A properly working system will do what you intended it to do at a systematic level:
calculate numbers, view customer information, launch a missile, etc. This is a fundamental
tenant of application development. Security is about understanding the unintended
consequences of what a user can do with that system.
These consequences are of the like:
Cross Site Scripting attacks
Cross Site Forgery attacks
Buffer overflow attacks
Breaking encryption schemes
Once you understand that these types of attacks can exist, everything is just semantics
from this point on. These semantics are along the line of figuring out best practices
for system designs, and that’s really just a matter of studying.
Security is about understanding that anything is possible. Once you understand attacks
can happen, you learn how they can happen. Then you learn how to prevent them from
happening. To use a phrase I really hate using, security is about thinking outside
Most developers do the least amount of work possible to build an application. I am
terribly guilty of this. In doing so however, there is a very high likelihood that
I didn’t consider what else can be done with the same code. Making this consideration
is (again, lame phrase) thinking outside the box.
It is in following this consideration that I can develop a secure system.
At the end of the day however, I am a lazy developer. I will still do as little
work as possible to get the system working, and frankly, this is not conducive to
creating a secure system.
The only way to really make this work is to implement security policies that force
certain considerations to be made. Each system is different, and each organization
is different. There is no single policy that will cover the scope of all systems
for all organizations, but a policy is simple.
A policy is a rule that must be followed, and in this case, we are talking about a
development rule. This can include requiring certain types of tests while developing,
or following a specific development model like the Security Development Lifecycle.
It is with these policies that we can govern the creation of secure systems.
Policies create an organization-level standard. Standards are the backbone of
These standards fall under the category of semantics, mentioned earlier. Given
that, I propose an idea for learning security.
Understand the core ideology of security – mentioned above
Understand that policies drive security
Jump head first into the semantics starting with security models
The downside is that you will never understand everything there is to know about security.
No one will.
Perhaps its not that flawed of an idea.